Crucifixion; Christ before Pilate

Object Name
Prayer Bead
Artist/Maker
South Netherlandish
Object Type
Prayer Bead
Date
1500 - 1525
Medium
boxwood
Credit Line
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Object Number
17.190.474a, b
Location
AGO, Gallery 137 Margaret Eaton Gallery
Institution/Owner
The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Dimensions

Overall Open: 124mm × 96mm × 32mm × 320mm × 57mm (12.4 × 9.6 × 3.2 × 32 × 5.7 cm)

Description

Polyptych: upper scene: Crucifixion; lower scene: Christ before Pilate with the Flagellation in the background; Left wing: Carrying of the Cross; Right wing: Descent from the Cross, the Entombment; Outer wings: Christ in Gethsemane, Arrest of Christ; Medallion: Betrayal of Christ with Peter slicing off Malchus's ear in the foreground

Signature, Inscriptions, and Markings

Inscription
Carved Latin inscriptions:

ATTENDITE ET VIDETE SI EST DOLOR SICVT DOLOR [Renaissance capitals around circumference of one outer hemisphere]

LEVEMVS CORDA NOSTRA CVM MANIBVS AD D[OMI]N[U]M IN C[O]E[LOS] J[EREMIAS] C[A[P[UT] L[V] [source: Lamentations 1:12 and 3:41 - Renaissance capitals around circumference of one outer hemisphere]

PER PACEM CRISTE TRHIT HIIS TE PRODITOR ISTE [Gothic letters on removable medallion]

NOS PILATVS CONDEMPNAMVS IESVM FLAGELLANDVM IN MONTE CALVARIO CRVCIFIGI ET IN ALTVM ELEVARI [Gothic letters around lower inner scene]

O CRVX AVE SPE[S] VIN[ICA] HOC PASSIONIS TEMPORE AVGE PIIS IVSTICIAM REIS [Gothic letters around upper inner scene - source: hymn Vexilla Regis]

[source: Met site]

Published References

Émile Molinier. Collection du Baron Albert Oppenheim: Tableaux et objects d'art, catalogue précédé d'une introduction. Paris: Librairie Centrale des Beaux-Arts, 1904. no. 94, p. 41, pl. LXII.; Williamson, G.C. Catalogue of the Collections of Jewels and Precious Works of Art: the property of J. Pierpont Morgan. London: Chiswick Press, 1910. no. 40, 41, pp. 64-65, pl. XXIV.; Kurt Dingelstedt, “Betnuss” Reallexikon zur deutschen Kunstgeschichte I Edited by Otto Schmitt (Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler, 1948): pp. 377-378; Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art. The life of Christ : A loan exhibition of works of art illustrating episodes in the life of Christ, March 12 to April 25, 1948. Hartford, CT, 1948. no. 190, p. 33

Catalogue Raisonné

Romanelli 20

Provenance

Provenance
Private collection, Cordova; dealer, London; Baron Albert Oppenheim, Cologne (sold 1906); J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (1906-1917)
Previous Owner(s)
Baron Albert Oppenheim
J. Pierpont Morgan

Subjects

Crucifixion
Deposition (Descent from the Cross)
Christianity
Carrying of the Cross
Betrayal of Christ
Christ before Pilate
Agony in the Garden

The online catalogue raisonné and digital photography made possible through the generous support of Thomson Works of Art