Miniature Altarpiece: Crucifixion

Object Name
Object Type
c. 1500-1520
Credit Line
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Object Number
Not currently on display


Overall Closed: 922mm × 593mm × 249mm (92.2 × 59.3 × 24.9 cm)
Overall Open: 97mm (9.7 cm)


Crucifixion of Christ between the two thieves in the central compartment, set before a vaulted space with four traceried windows. Numerous figures fill the fore- and middle-ground including the Virgin fainting at the foot of the cross with St John the Evangelist and Mary Magdalene and six figures on horseback, including Longinus and Stephaton. In the vault above the Cross, almost obscured by the foliate border of the frame, is the half-length figure of God the Father.

The left wing shows the carrying of the Cross in front of a rock landscape of tiered stones, and the right the scene of the Lamentation.

source: V&A website

Signature, Inscriptions, and Markings

Carved Latin inscriptions below scenes on wings:

O CRVX AVE [left wing]

SPES VNICA [right wing - source: hymn Vexilla Regis.]

[translation: O hail the Cross, Only Hope - source: Williamson 2002, p 148]

[source V&A website]

Published References

List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington, Acquired During the Year 1874, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O. p. 20; Richard Marks, Two Early Sixteenth Century Boxwood Carvings Associated with the Glymes Family of Bergen op Zoom (Oud Holland, 91, 1977, p142, fig 7); Paul Williamson, Netherlandish Sculpture, London, 2002, pp. 148-9, cat no. 49

Catalogue Raisonné

Romanelli 11


Previous Owner(s)


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